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كيفية صناعة الصابون (تعرف على أنواع الصابون وفوائده) | موقع معرفتي
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مال واستثمار

كيفية صناعة الصابون


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يبحث الكثيرون عن كيفية صناعة الصابون، حيث تعتبر صناعة الصابون من أهم الصناعات التي تشكل الجزء الأكبر في حياتنا اليومية ولا سيما في زمن الكورونا.

كيف تتم صناعة الصابون؟ وما هي أنواعه؟


تعريف الصابون

إن كلمة واسم (صابون) مشتقة من الكلمة الفارسية (سابون)، وهي عبارة عن مادة تحتوي على مجموعة من الأملاح والدهون التي تنحل في الماء. حيث يتم الحصول عليها من مادة (العصلج) وهي نوع من أنواع النباتات التي تسحق وتنقع في الماء.


كيفية صناعة الصابون

لمعرفة كيفية صناعة الصابون، يجب معرفة أقسام صناعة الصابون. وهي:

  1. كيفية صناعة الصابون المنزلي

    • تهتم العائلات بشكل مطلق بصناعة الصابون لتواجده بكثرة في المنزل وذلك لأجل عمليات التعقيم والتنظيف. إن المواد المستخدمة في صناعة الصابون هي
      • عصا مصنوعة من الخشب.
      • إضافة إلى سكين حادة.
      • كيلوغرام من الصودا الكاوية.
      • 5 كيلوغرام من زيت الزيتون.
      • 5 ليترات من الماء
      • بالإضافة إلى قوالب خشبية.
    • وكيفية صناعة الصابون تكون كالأتي:
      • يتم وضع 5 ليترات من الماء داخل وعاء حديدي.
      • ثم يوضع بعدها الصودا الكاوية.
      • بعد ذلك عليك أن تقوم بالتحريك حتى الذوبان
      • ثم عليك إضافة زيت الزيتون إلى الخليط وتستمر بالتحريك.
      • يجب نقع هذا الخليط لمدة يوم كامل
      • بعد ذلك يجب إضافة العطر إلى مادة الصابون وبعد الغلي المستمر تصبح طبيعة الخليط مفصولة عن الماء.
      • عليك بع ذلك بتصفية الماء وفصله عن الخليط
      • بعد ذلك يجب وضع الخليط في قوالب خشبية وقبل وصول مادة الصابون إلى مرحلة الجفاف، يجب أن يقطع وفق الحجم المطلوب ويترك حتى يجف بشكل كامل.اقرأ أيضاً: علاج مشاكل الجهاز الهضمي
  2. كيفية صناعة الصابون في المصانع

    توجد طريقتان في كيفية صناعة الصابون في المصانع. وهما

    1. الطريقة الباردة:

      وهي طريقة سهلة واقتصادية على المصانع ذات الحجم الصغير، حيث تعتمد على خلط الفليسيرين مع الصابون ولا يفصل عنه.

      • تعتبر طريقة المعالجة الباردة أكثر تعقيدًا قليلاً وتستغرق وقتًا أطول من إذابة الصابون وصبه. كما يتضمن أيضًا استخدام الغسول (lye)، وهو مادة كاوية.
        لصنع صابون بالطريقة الباردة:

        •  ستقوم بتسخين الزيوت التي تختارها في وعاء صابون حتى تصل إلى 100 درجة فهرنهايت تقريبًا.
        • بعد ذلك، ستضيف ببطء خليط الماء الغسول وتخلط الصابون حتى يتكاثف.
        • ثم أضف العطر واللون والإضافات، ثم اسكبه في قالب.
        • يستغرق الصابون الخام حوالي 24 ساعة حتى يصبح صلبًا وبضعة أسابيع ليجف قبل أن يصبح جاهزًا للاستخدام.
      • إيجابيات طريقة المعالجة الباردة:

        • البدء بصناعة الصابون من نقطة الصفر.
        • يمكن تخصيص المكونات على حسب ما تريد.
        • تقنية تسمح لك بقدر أكبر من الإبداع والإختراع.
      • السلبيات:
        • تحتاج إلى العديد من الأدوات والتنظيف.
        • تتطلب التقنية من 4 إلى 6 أسابيع حتى يعالج الصابون.
    2. الطريقة الساخنة:

      وهي الطريقة التي تستخدمها المصانع الكبيرة في صناعة الصابون حيث تعتمد على اختيار أفضل أنواع الغليسيرين والذي يتميز بسعره الغالي، مما يساهم في الحصول على صابون عالي الجودة.

  3. كيفية صنع الصابون بالتفاعلات

    يمكن الحصول على الصابون من خلال القيام بعملية تجربة كيميائية ما بين الدهون أو الزيوت. تسمى عملية تحقيق التفاعل الكيميائي بالتصبن. من خلال اختيار مزيج من الزيوت عالية الجودة، وإضافة عطرك المفضل أو زيوتك الأساسية، يأخذ صابونك المصنوع يدويًا طابعا رائعاً.

  4. التذويب والصب:

    تتضمن هذه العملية السهلة إذابة كتل الصابون مسبقة الصنع وإضافة عطرك الخاص.

    • صنع الصابون بقاعدة الصهر والصب آمن وسهل ومريح.
      • أولاً، قم بشراء كتل مسبقة الصنع من الصابون “الأساسي” غير الملون وغير المعطر من متجر الحرف اليدوية أو مورد الصابون.
      • ثم يتم صهر قاعدة الصابون في الميكروويف أو غلاية مزدوجة.
      • عندما يذوب الصابون تمامًا، يمكنك إضافة العطر واللون والمواد المضافة.
      • ثم عليك صب الخليط في قالب والصابون يصبح جاهز للاستخدام عندما يتماسك.
  5. إعادة الدهن:

    هذه الطريقة تطحن وتعيد مزج دفعات من الصابون محلي الصنع.

اقرأ أيضاً: ماذا يحدث لجسمك بعد الاقلاع عن التدخين


أنواع الصابون

كيفية صناعة الصابون
كيفية صناعة الصابون

يوجد العديد من أنواع الصابون ومنها:

  1. الصابون الصلب: يصنع هذا النوع من الصابون من الدهون والأحماض المشبعة.
  2. الصابون السائل: ويعتمد في صناعته على هيدروكسيد البوتاسيوم مع مواد دسمة
  3. صابون شفاف: صناعة الصابون في هذا النوع تعتمد على الزيوت مثل زيت جوز الهند وزيت الخروع.
  4. الصابون الفاخر: تعتمد صناعة هذا النوع من الصابون على زيت الزيتون.
  5. صابون الحلاقة: وهو صابون يمتلك طبيعة لينة.
  6. صابون تجاري: تعتمد صناعة الصابون التجاري على إحداث رغوة عالية، حيث أنه لا يذوب بسهولة وسنع من الشحوم الرخيصة.

فوائد استخدام الصابون

  • يعد الجلسرين أحد المنتجات الثانوية الطبيعية لعملية صنع الصابون. بشكل عام، يعتبر الجلسرين مرطبًا رائعًا للبشرة، ومرطبًا لأنه يجذب الرطوبة إليها ومرطبًا يعمل على تنعيم البشرة.
    عندما يتم صنعها بشكل تقليد ، تحتوي هذه الصابون على الجلسرين الذي يرطب بشرتك أثناء الاستحمام.
  • عادة ما تتم معالجة الصابون الذي يتم شراؤه من المتجر أو المنتج تجاريًا لإزالة الجلسرين. ثم يتم استخدام الجلسرين المستخرج لتصنيع منتجات مفيدة أخرى مثل الكريمات والمستحضرات.
  • الصابون الذي لا يحتوي على الجلسرين جاف وقاسي ويمكن أن يسبب استخدامه حكة مفرطة ورماد وجفاف الجلد. من ناحية أخرى، يحتفظ الصابون المصنوع يدويًا بالجليسرين، مما يوفر عنصرًا رئيسيًا مطلوبًا لتجنب جفاف الجلد.

 


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